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Table 3 Diversity indexes of 302 Tunisian durum wheat accessions sorted by genetic groups as defined by STRUCTURE [26], by regions and by climate stages

From: Morphological characterization and genetic diversity analysis of Tunisian durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. durum) accessions

   Acc MLG S Ne I Ho He Fis P (%) PA Nm L DAb a
Genetic groups ADMIX 41 33 13 3.904 (0.387) 1.522 (0.107) 0.088 (0.080) 0.721 (0.027) 0.871 (0.118) 100 6  
G1 24 17 5 1.830 (0.331) 0.627 (0.156) 0.033 (0.029) 0.334 (0.078) 0.869 (0.118) 90 3   100% Azizi
G10 21 14 4 1.591 (0.229) 0.431 (0.144) 0.105 (0.100) 0.261 (0.088) 0.726 (0.201) 60 1   100% Biada 179 (Xgwm193)
214 (Xgpw4082)
1.00
0.94
G11 72 25 11 1.443 (0.205) 0.394 (0.144) 0.099 (0.099) 0.210 (0.079) 0.784 (0.180) 70 1   100% Mahmoudi
G2 9 6 3 1.694 (0.186) 0.510 (0.127) 0.111 (0.099) 0.332 (0.080) 0.688 (0.236) 70 0   100% JK
G3 21 18 1 1.948 (0.341) 0.629 (0.166) 0.100 (0.100) 0.369 (0.087) 0.767 (0.195) 70 1   100% Taganrog 216 (Xgpw4082) 0.71
G4 26 16 1.567 (0.215) 0.455 (0.138) 0.100 (0.100) 0.266 (0.082) 0.698 (0.234) 60 1   100% Mekki 193 (Xgwm413)
321 (Xgwm372)
0.84
0.84
G5 10 8 2 1.487 (0.196) 0.424 (0.126) 0.100 (0.100) 0.244 (0.073) 0.768 (0.194) 70 2   100% Richi 224 (Xgpw4004) 0.9
G6 9 9 3 2.379 (0.274) 0.937 (0.110) 0.078 (0.078) 0.529 (0.051) 0.893 (0.107) 100 7   41% Roussia 59% Souri
G7 22 6 3 1.152 (0.077) 0.166 (0.075) 0.000 (0.000) 0.103 (0.049) 1.000 (0.000) 40 0   100% Badri 232 (Xgpw4082) 1.0
G8 10 9 3 1.905 (0.183) 0.733 (0.103) 0.010 (0.010) 0.428 (0.056) 0.962 (0.038) 100 4   100% Azizi
G9 37 27 3 1.799 (0.219) 0.609 (0.139) 0.043 (0.043) 0.362 (0.080) 0.911 (0.080) 80 2   100% Biskri
Total 302 188 1.892 (0.092) 0.620 (0.047) 0.072 (0.022) 0.346 (0.024) 0.835 (0.042) 75,83 (5,43) 0.259
(0.079)
Regions Gabes 38 31 3 3.031 (0.491) 1.296 (0.122) 0.056 (0.047) 0.610 (0.045) 0.879 (0.11) 100 17    171
(Xgwm193)
0.71
Kairouan 67 25 6 2.707 (0.405) 1.048 (0.136) 0.042 (0.041) 0.563 (0.054) 0.880 (0.117) 100 2   
Mahdia 27 21 4 2.883 (0.293) 1.275 (0.102) 0.081 (0.077) 0.619 (0.04) 0.873 (0.121) 100 11   
Mednine 22 7 3 1.960 (0.158) 0.790 (0.099) 0.095 (0.095) 0.45 (0.056) 0.851 (0.149) 100 1   
Sousse 9 7 1 1.366 (0.185) 0.305 (0.125) 0.100 (0.100) 0.183 (0.073) 0.691 (0.218) 50 1    191
(Xgwm413)
223
(Xgwm285)
224
(Xgpw4004)
0.88
0.77
1.00
Total 163 91 17 2.389 (0.168) 0.943 (0.073) 0.075 (0.033) 0.485 (0.033) 0.851 (0.059) 90 (10) 1.037
(0.239)
 
Climate stages High-arid 67 25 6 2.707 (0.405) 1.050 (0.136) 0.042 (0.041) 0.563 (0.054) 0.880 (0.117) 100 2   
Low semi-arid 36 28 5 3.006 (0.356) 1.283 (0.113) 0.086 (0.083) 0.622 (0.046) 0.870 (0.126) 100 12   
Mid-arid 60 38 6 3.174 (0.433) 1.318 (0.109) 0.070 (0.065) 0.642 (0.039) 0.870 (0.122) 100 19   
Total 163 91 17 2.962 (0.225) 1.216 (0.071) 0.066 (0.036) 0.609 (0.027) 0.874 (0.068) 100 3.813
(0.571)
 
  1. Acc Number of accessions, MLG Number of Multi Locus Genotypes, S Number of sites, Ne Number of Effective Alleles, I Shannon’s Information Index, Ho Observed Heterozygosity, He Expected Heterozygosity, Fis Fixation Index, P Percentage of Polymorphic Loci, PA Number of Private Alleles, Nm gene flow, L Name of the landrace, DA Diagnostic alleles; a: Frequence (0.7–1). b: a DA is a rare allele with a frequence > 70% for a population or region and < 30% for the others