Skip to main content

Table 4 Neutrality and demographic expansion parameters

From: The maternal origin of indigenous domestic chicken from the Middle East, the north and the horn of Africa

Population/Country N S MAE Tajima’s D (P-value) Fu’s Fs (P-value) Harpending r(P-value)
Iraqi populations
North-East
 Sulimania [1] 9 0 0 0 (1.000) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Central
 Baghdad 51 18 0.564 −0.653 (0.280) −1.380 (0.290) 0.123 (0.774)
 Karbala 12 5 0.439 0.0918 (0.567) 0.538 (0.616) 0.155 (0.423)
 Central [2] 63 20 0.440 − 0.911 (0.208) −2.541 (0.166) 0.067 (0.469)
South
 Basra 11 1 0.055 −1.128 (0.137) −0.410 (0.350) 0.438 (0.942)
 Misan 24 11 0.502 −1.824 (0.016) −0.090 (0.469) 0.203 (0.632)
 South [3] 35 12 0.440 − 2.074 (0.001) − 1.444 (0.161) 0.252 (0.688)
Total 107 22 0.432 −1.090 (0.134) −5.070 (0.050) 0.055 (0.328)
Algerian populations
North-West
 Mascara 20 3 0.270 −1.440 (0.032) −2.135 (0.009) 0.187 (0.237)
 Oran 17 5 0.560 −1.301 (0.077) −2.953 (0.001) 0.211 (0.536)
 Tiaret 11 2 0.391 −1.429 (0.037) 0.506 (0.622) 0.735 (0.933)
 Tlemcen 18 15 0.557 −1.842 (0.015) −2.089 (0.088) 0.053 (0.128)
 North-West [1] 66 19 0.308 −2.255 (0.000) −7.246 (0.000) 0.066 (0.096)
Central
 Adrar [2] 22 5 0.547 0.0671 (0.586) 0.928 (0.742) 0.280 (0.798)
Total 88 20 0.287 −2.092 (0.001) −6.980 (0.004) 0.045 (0.048)
Ethiopian populations
North
 Meseret 10 11 0.609 −1.202 (0.139) −0.944 (0.237) 0.064 (0.138)
 Mihquan 10 9 0.838 −1.411 (0.080) 2.172 (0.898) 0.226 (0.701)
 North [1] 20 14 0.503 −1.390 (0.088) −0.596 (0.419) 0.067 (0.269)
Central-East
 Adane 10 11 0.757 −0.741 (0.272) 0.505 (0.600) 0.176 (0.655)
 Arabo 10 4 0.786 −0.339 (0.414) −1.629 (0.051) 0.185 (0.462)
 Horro 30 10 0.782 0.219 (0.638) 2.383 (0.867) 0.125 (0.647)
 Jarso 14 0 0 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Midir 10 2 0.586 −0.183 (0.322) −0.272 (0.360) 0.240 (0.509)
 Negasi Amba 10 1 0.297 0.819 (0.853) 0.818 (0.672) 0.222 (0.340)
 Central-East [2] 84 20 0.781 −0.239 (0.497) 1.547 (0.786) 0.103 (0.748)
West
 Amshi 10 1 0.371 1.302 (0.919) 1.029 (0.789) 0.288 (0.612)
 Ashuda 10 1 0.186 0.014 (0.754) 0.417 (0.670) 0.209 (0.326)
 Batambie 8 1 0.100 −1.054 (0.187) −0.182 (0.446) 0.312 (0.792)
 Dikuli 10 2 0.586 −0.183 (0.355) −0.272 (0.374) 0.240 (0.531)
 Gafera 10 1 0.297 0.819 (0.827) 0.818 (0.698) 0.222 (0.366)
 Surta 9 1 0.080 −1.088 (0.157) −0.263 (0.389) 0.358 (0.918)
 Tzion Teguaz 10 3 0.342 −0.431 (0.331) 0.345 (0.571) 0.133 (0.180)
 West [3] 67 5 0.578 −0.104 (0.497) −2.569 (0.092) 0.124 (0.290)
South
 Girissa 10 4 0.487 −0.942 (0.204) −2.096 (0.019) 0.073 (0.081)
 Kumato 10 10 0.819 −0.364 (0.361) 0.505 (0.583) 0.144 (0.527)
 Loya 10 8 0.627 1.076 (0.865) 0.706 (0.646) 0.082 (0.250)
 Shubi Gemo 10 14 0.721 0.746 (0.798) 0.723 (0.616) 0.159 (0.757)
 South [4] 40 23 0.653 0.345 (0.703) −4.181 (0.083) 0.020 (0.118)
Total 211 33 0.573 −0.938 (0.176) −15.722 (0.001) 0.045 (0.364)
Saudi Arabia
 East [1] 45 18 0.729 − 1.964 (0.006) −9.069 (0.000) 0.132 (0.494)
 Central [2] 43 20 0.231 −2.207 (0.001) − 4.717 (0.014) 0.048 (0.096)
 West [3] 97 23 0.314 −1.862 (0.009) −7.33 (0.007) 0.062 (0.200)
Total 185 34 0.375 −2.115 (0.000) −18.713 (0.000) 0.061 (0.186)
Other populations
Libya 23 14 0.520 −1.539 (0.047) −3.704 (0.018) 0.058 (0.183)
Pakistan 92 24 0.547 −0.861 (0.210) −4.096 (0.085) 0.063 (0.482)
Total
All the samples included in this study 706 55 0.323 −1.668 (0.013) −97.654 (0.000) 0.025 (0.096)