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Table 1 Summary statistics of mean, standard deviation (SD), additive genetic variance (σ 2 a ), and heritability estimates (h2 ± SE)

From: Genome-wide association and genomic prediction of breeding values for fatty acid composition in subcutaneous adipose and longissimus lumborum muscle of beef cattle

  Subcutaneous adipose Longissimus lumborum
Traita Mean (SD) σ 2 a  × 104 h2 ± SE Mean (SD) σ 2 a  × 104 h2 ± SE
10:0 0.051 (0.014) 0.66 0.43 ± 0.06 0.056 (0.012) 0.60 0.37 ± 0.09
12:0 0.071 (0.017) 1.60 0.53 ± 0.08 0.072 (0.015) 1.30 0.57 ± 0.07
13:0 0.028 (0.010) 0.28 0.26 ± 0.07 0.027 (0.009) 0.14 0.16 ± 0.06
14:0 3.204 (0.599) 1605.35 0.35 ± 0.11 2.804 (0.486) 1292.53 0.53 ± 0.10
15:0 0.642 (0.167) 90.38 0.22 ± 0.10 0.502 (0.111) 38.96 0.23 ± 0.10
16:0 25.092 (2.594) 12965.10 0.21 ± 0.06 24.607 (2.056) 11278.40 0.42 ± 0.08
17:0 1.709 (0.445) 575.54 0.32 ± 0.11 1.548 (0.329) 326.58 0.31 ± 0.12
18:0 10.545 (1.956) 14701.00 0.41 ± 0.07 12.406 (1.417) 7779.92 0.38 ± 0.09
19:0 0.108 (0.032) 0.90 0.06 ± 0.03 0.090 (0.029) 0.82 0.08 ± 0.04
20:0 0.082 (0.019) 0.75 0.20 ± 0.06 0.089 (0.016) 0.55 0.18 ± 0.06
22:0 0.033 (0.009) 0.000036 0.00 ± 0.03 0.069 (0.021) 0.73 0.09 ± 0.05
24:0 0.035 (0.015) 0.60 0.22 ± 0.07 0.151 (0.070) 7.65 0.21 ± 0.07
SFA 41.598 (3.469) 36697.00 0.29 ± 0.07 42.421 (2.695) 25765.90 0.43 ± 0.08
iso14:0 0.031 (0.012) 0.14 0.12 ± 0.05 0.027 (0.008) 0.050 0.10 ± 0.05
iso15:0 0.109 (0.026) 1.11 0.22 ± 0.06 0.082 (0.015) 0.52 0.25 ± 0.07
ai15:0 0.180 (0.048) 11.26 0.52 ± 0.08 0.140 (0.028) 3.07 0.30 ± 0.10
iso16:0 0.177 (0.041) 5.97 0.34 ± 0.08 0.140 (0.027) 1.98 0.22 ± 0.08
iso17:0 0.382 (0.062) 12.74 0.31 ± 0.08 0.345 (0.062) 5.48 0.11 ± 0.05
ai17:0 0.672 (0.095) 22.50 0.22 ± 0.07 0.489 (0.076) 15.93 0.19 ± 0.08
iso18:0 0.163 (0.037) 3.25 0.23 ± 0.07 0.133 (0.028) 1.95 0.21 ± 0.08
BFA 1.714 (0.261) 225.65 0.29 ± 0.08 1.356 (0.203) 94.08 0.16 ± 0.07
SFA + BFA 43.312 (3.561) 38438.00 0.28 ± 0.07 43.777 (2.681) 25797.30 0.43 ± 0.08
9c-14:1 1.046 (0.390) 542.74 0.43 ± 0.08 0.640 (0.184) 185.50 0.59 ± 0.07
9c-15:1 0.034 (0.012) 0.38 0.23 ± 0.08 0.026 (0.009) 0.073 0.08 ± 0.04
7c-16:1 0.140 (0.025) 1.90 0.34 ± 0.07 0.136 (0.019) 1.20 0.30 ± 0.09
9c-16:1 4.247 (1.096) 4450.52 0.42 ± 0.07 3.408 (0.564) 1730.54 0.64 ± 0.07
11 t-16:1 0.047 (0.012) 0.21 0.12 ± 0.05 0.042 (0.012) 0.12 0.06 ± 0.04
12c-16:1 0.239 (0.090) 23.77 0.36 ± 0.07 0.168 (0.044) 9.70 0.53 ± 0.07
7c-17:1 0.023 (0.009) 0 0 0.025 (0.013) 0.040 0.02 ± 0.03
9c-17:1 1.377 (0.340) 267.08 0.19 ± 0.09 1.191 (0.298) 130.35 0.15 ± 0.07
9c-18:1 37.917 (4.343) 30916.80 0.13 ± 0.05 36.679 (2.997) 35344.80 0.47 ± 0.07
11c-18:1 1.960 (1.736) 1591.98 0.05 ± 0.04 1.836 (0.244) 152.64 0.30 ± 0.10
12c-18:1 0.260 (0.079) 6.88 0.09 ± 0.04 0.227 (0.071) 6.70 0.13 ± 0.06
13c-18:1 0.487 (0.159) 83.84 0.44 ± 0.07 0.396 (0.089) 40.17 0.57 ± 0.07
14c-18:1 0.053 (0.011) 0.17 0.12 ± 0.05 0.048 (0.009) 0.13 0.19 ± 0.06
15c-18:1 0.248 (0.060) 13.68 0.38 ± 0.07 0.204 (0.044) 5.62 0.28 ± 0.07
6 t + 8 t-18:1 0.275 (0.121) 38.18 0.34 ± 0.06 0.193 (0.085) 14.30 0.21 ± 0.07
9 t-18:1 0.291 (0.094) 18.74 0.27 ± 0.06 0.232 (0.067) 9.04 0.22 ± 0.07
10 t-18:1 2.908 (1.685) 10759.90 0.38 ± 0.11 2.028 (1.119) 4230.39 0.36 ± 0.10
11 t-18:1 0.546 (0.234) 119.36 0.17 ± 0.07 0.441 (0.164) 70.08 0.26 ± 0.08
12 t-18:1 0.184 (0.172) 0.00012 0 0.137 (0.029) 1.06 0.13 ± 0.05
15 t-18:1 0.169 (0.179) 1.45 0.00 ± 0.03 0.130 (0.079) 2.25 0.04 ± 0.05
16 t-18:1 0.113 (0.037) 2.51 0.11 ± 0.05 0.092 (0.026) 1.78 0.19 ± 0.08
sumtrans18:1 4.486 (1.687) 10976.60 0.42 ± 0.09 3.252 (1.131) 4357.97 0.37 ± 0.09
9c-20:1 0.107 (0.019) 0.82 0.22 ± 0.08 0.090 (0.013) 0.20 0.08 ± 0.04
11c-20:1 0.270 (0.075) 15.80 0.37 ± 0.07 0.198 (0.035) 5.20 0.38 ± 0.08
MUFA 52.941 (3.583) 37044.00 0.26 ± 0.06 48.565 (2.691) 26915.70 0.47 ± 0.06
9c,13 t + 8 t,12c-18:2 0.242 (0.045) 6.07 0.30 ± 0.09 0.165 (0.029) 1.94 0.24 ± 0.08
9c,15c-18:2 0.184 (0.044) 5.29 0.27 ± 0.07 0.178 (0.036) 3.28 0.25 ± 0.08
8 t,13c-18:2 0.165 (0.043) 4.38 0.19 ± 0.08 0.121 (0.025) 0.63 0.10 ± 0.05
11 t,15c-18:2 0.162 (0.100) 32.52 0.32 ± 0.08 0.122 (0.070) 17.25 0.37 ± 0.08
9c,11 t + 9 t,11c-18:2 0.471 (0.358) 33.83 0.25 ± 0.06 0.257 (0.062) 9.26 0.16 ± 0.06
6 t,8 t-18:2 0.0024 (0.003) 0 0 0.0019 (0.004) 0.0002 0.00 ± 0.03
7 t,9c-18:2 0.108 (0.083) 11.38 0.25 ± 0.09 0.060 (0.060) 1.22 0.03 ± 0.03
12 t,14 t-18:2 0.0088 (0.011) 0.041 0.02 ± 0.01 0.0061 (0.008) 0.023 0.03 ± 0.02
11 t,13 t-18:2 0.0083 (0.006) 0.017 0.10 ± 0.04 0.0060 (0.002) 0.0056 0.15 ± 0.05
10 t,12 t-18:2 0.010 (0.005) 0 0 0.0061 (0.002) 0.0049 0.12 ± 0.05
9 t,11 t-18:2 0.014 (0.010) 0 0 0.0092 (0.003) 0.0083 0.08 ± 0.04
8 t,10 t-18:2 0.0026 (0.002) 0.0020 0.08 ± 0.04 0.0017 (0.002) 0.00084 0.04 ± 0.04
7 t,9 t-18:2 0.0069 (0.005) 0.0020 0.02 ± 0.02 0.0041 (0.003) 0.0010 0.01 ± 0.02
12 t,14c + 12c,14 t −18:2 0.012 (0.010) 0.042 0.07 ± 0.03 0.0068 (0.003) 0.018 0.21 ± 0.07
11 t,13c + 11c,13 t −18:2 0.024 (0.024) 0.15 0.15 ± 0.05 0.012 (0.005) 0.031 0.14 ± 0.06
10 t,12c-18:2 0.025 (0.012) 0.32 0.24 ± 0.07 0.018 (0.010) 0.065 0.07 ± 0.04
8 t,10c-18:2 0.012 (0.010) 0.022 0.11 ± 0.05 0.0079 (0.003) 0.018 0.21 ± 0.07
Total CLA 0.704 (0.493) 77.85 0.30 ± 0.06 0.395 (0.080) 11.21 0.15 ± 0.05
18:2n-6 1.876 (0.587) 1032.59 0.53 ± 0.08 4.387 (1.612) 5072.90 0.39 ± 0.08
18:3n-3 0.211 (0.055) 11.32 0.43 ± 0.07 0.297 (0.082) 8.60 0.20 ± 0.06
18:3n-6 0.0023 (0.006) 0.027 0.06 ± 0.05 0.043 (0.016) 0.51 0.16 ± 0.07
20:2n-6 0.038 (0.013) 0.22 0.19 ± 0.05 0.068 (0.022) 0.41 0.11 ± 0.05
20:3n-6 0.059 (0.017) 0.32 0.08 ± 0.04 0.292 (0.098) 23.30 0.32 ± 0.08
20:3n-9 0.017 (0.016) 0.12 0.06 ± 0.04 0.066 (0.025) 1.28 0.20 ± 0.06
20:4n-6 0.040 (0.012) 0.22 0.15 ± 0.05 1.000 (0.412) 277.29 0.25 ± 0.07
20:5n-3 ND NA NA 0.029 (0.009) 0.049 0.05 ± 0.04
22:4n-6 0.031 (0.011) 0.19 0.13 ± 0.05 0.136 (0.045) 4.67 0.20 ± 0.08
22:5n-3 0.017 (0.010) 0.05 0.11 ± 0.05 0.332 (0.126) 28.06 0.20 ± 0.07
22:6n-3 ND NA NA 0.046 (0.023) 0.78 0.16 ± 0.05
PUFA 2.290 (0.627) 1252.63 0.51 ± 0.08 6.695 (2.231) 8788.56 0.31 ± 0.08
n-3 0.228 (0.054) 10.59 0.40 ± 0.07 0.704 (0.208) 58.08 0.17 ± 0.06
n-6 2.046 (0.602) 1058.05 0.51 ± 0.08 5.926 (2.107) 8016.81 0.34 ± 0.08
n-6/n-3 9.263 (5.078) 2605.22 0.01 ± 0.02 8.628 (2.526) 9313.42 0.42 ± 0.09
P/S 0.056 (0.016) 0.77 0.50 ± 0.07 0.160 (0.058) 6.60 0.30 ± 0.09
P/(S + B) 0.053 (0.015) 0.69 0.50 ± 0.08 0.155 (0.056) 6.03 0.30 ± 0.09
HI 1.488 (0.265) 236.45 0.32 ± 0.08 1.566 (0.232) 201.90 0.47 ± 0.08
  1. aThe concentrations of fatty acids were expressed as a percentage of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) quantified. c = cis, t = trans. SFA = 10:0 + 12:0 + 13:0 + 14:0 + 15:0 + 16:0 + 17:0 + 18:0 + 19:0 + 20:0 + 22:0 + 24:0; BFA = iso14:0 + iso15:0 + ai15:0 + iso16:0 + iso17:0 + ai17:0 + iso18:0; SFA + BFA: sum of SFA and BFA; sumtrans18:1 = 6 t/8 t-18:1 + 9 t-18:1 + 10 t-18:1 + 11 t-18:1 + 12 t-18:1 + 15 t-18:1 + 16 t-18:1; MUFA = 9c-14:1 + 9c-15:1 + 7c-16:1 + 9c-16:1 + 11 t-16:1 + 12c-16:1 + 7c-17:1 + 9c-17:1 + 9c-18:1 + 11c-18:1 + 12c-18:1 + 13c-18:1 + 14c-18:1 + 15c-18:1 + 9c-20:1 + 11c-20 + 6 t/8 t-18:1 + 9 t-18:1 + 10 t-18:1 + 11 t-18:1 + 12 t-18:1 + 15 t-18:1 + 16 t-18:1; Total CLA = 9c,11 t + 9 t,11c-18:2 + 6 t,8 t-18:2 + 7 t,9c-18:2 + 12 t,(14 t-18:2 + 11 t,13 t)-18:2 + 10 t,12 t-18:2 + 9 t,11 t-18:2 + 8 t,10 t-18:2 + 7 t,9 t-18:2 + (12 t,14c + 12c,14 t) -18:2 + (11 t,13c + 11c,13 t)-18:2 + 10 t,12c-18:2 + 8 t,10c-18:2; PUFA = 18:2n-6 + 18:3n-6 + 18:3n-3 + 20:2n-6 + 20:3n-9 + 20:3n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:4n-6 + 22:5n-3+ 22:6n-3; n-3 = 18:3n-3 + 20:5n-3 + 22:5n-3 + 22:6n-3; n-6 = 18:2n-6 + 18:3n-6 + 20:2n-6 + 20:3n-6 + 20:4n-6 + 22:4n-6; n-6/n-3: ratio between n-6 and n-3; P/S = PUFA/SFA; P/(S + B) = PUFA/(SFA + BFA); HI = (MUFA + PUFA) / (4 × 14:0 + 16:0)
  2. ND not detected, NA not applicable
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