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Table 1 Summary statistics of d-loop sequences from 13 spatiotemporal groups of ancient domesticated cattle

From: The genetic prehistory of domesticated cattle from their origin to the spread across Europe

Ancient samples # Sequences # Haplotypes Ĥ π Tajima's D
(P-value)
Fu's Fs
(P-value)
IR 7,000-5,000 BCE 10 8 0.96 +/- 0.06 2.82 +/- 1.62 −0.49 (0.33) −3.77 (0.01)
IR/S 4,000-1,400 BCE 6 4 0.80 +/- 0.17 3.80 +/- 2.22 −0.79 (0.27) 0.67 (0.59)
IT 6,000-5,500 BCE 5 2 0.40 +/- 0.24 0.80 +/- 0.68 −0.97 (0.20) 1.04 (0.63)
SECE 5,100-4,000 BCE 20 6 0.52 +/- 0.13 1.30 +/- 0.85 −1.12 (0.13) −1.48 (0.14)
SEE 6,200-5,500 BCE 34 6 0.62 +/- 0.05 1.26 +/- 0.82 0.08 (0.58) −0.79 (0.32)
SEE 5,500-5,000 BCE 21 7 0.78 +/- 0.06 1.79 +/- 1.08 0.12 (0.57) 0.37 (0.60)
SEE 5,000-4,000 BCE 8 4 0.79 +/- 0.11 2.11 +/- 1.31 −0.42 (0.37) 0.26 (0.54)
SEE 2,700-2,200 BCE 7 5 0.81 +/- 0.13 1.62 +/- 1.08 −0.04 (0.47) −0.54 (0.22)
SF 5,500-4,500 BCE 8 1 0.00 +/- 0.00 0.00 +/- 0.00 - -
SP 2,700-1,600 BCE 12 4 0.45 +/- 0.17 1.30 +/- 0.87 −1.71 (0.04) −0.05 (0.47)
WA 6,400-5,700 BCE 8 4 0.64 +/- 0.18 0.79 +/- 0.63 −2.14 (0.00) −1.73 (0.02)
CWE 5,400-4,400 BCE 26 4 0.22 +/- 0.11 0.45 +/- 0.41 −1.53 (0.03) −0.24 (0.32)
CWE 4,400-2,500 BCE 28 9 0.50 +/- 0.12 0.91 +/- 0.65 −2.08 (0.01) −4.55 (0.00)
  1. IR/S: Iran/Syria, IT: Italy, SECE: Southeastern Central Europe, SEE: Southeastern Europe, SF: Southern France, SP: Spain, WA: Western Anatolia, and CWE: Central/Western Europe. Numbers in the first column indicate the age of the samples in BCE. Ĥ: Haplotype diversity, π: mean number of pairwise differences. Significant Tajima’s D and Fu’s Fs value at the 0.05 level are highlighted in bold.