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Table 1 Information on the 35 population samples genotyped in the present study

From: Taiwan Y-chromosomal DNA variation and its relationship with Island Southeast Asia

Sample number1 Country Ethnicity ISO639-3 (or local) abbreviation2 Linguistic family Language branch Population Province/City/Region County Sample size
1 China (Han) Fujian nan Sino-Tibetan Hokien (Minnan) 34.880,000 Southeast Coast Fujian 55
2 Taiwan (Han) Miscellaneous Han (including undefined Minnan/Hakka) ad Sino-Tibetan Hokien (Minnan) 14,000,000 Taiwan Taipei 258
3 Minnan nan Sino-Tibetan Hokien (Minnan) 14,000,000 Taiwan Taipei 60
4 Hakka hak Sino-Tibetan Hakka 2,370,000 Taiwan Xinzhu 34
5 Taiwan Plain tribes/Pingpu Kulon-Pazeh uun Sino-Tibetan Hokien (Minnan) 300 Taiwan West Coast Puli 40
6 Yunlin* fos Sino-Tibetan Hokien (Minnan) 10,000 Taiwan West Coast Yunlin 21
7 Papora* ppu Sino-Tibetan Hokien (Minnan) - Taiwan West Coast Gomach 18
8 Ketagalan kae Austronesian extinct Paiwanic 1,000 Northeast Taiwan Yilan 30
9 Siraya fos Austronesian Taivoa and Makatao 10,000 Southwest Taiwan Southwest Taiwan 261
10 Taiwan (Mountain tribes Aborigines) Atayal tay Austronesian Atayalic 80,061 Moutain tribes Wulai 52
11 Truku (Taroko) trv Austronesian Atayalic 25,800 Moutain tribes Hualien 20
12 Saisiyat xsy Austronesian Northwest Formosan 5,900 Moutain tribes Wofeng 24
13 Thao ssf Austronesian Paiwanic 693 Moutain tribes Nantou 16
14 Tsou tsu Austronesian Tsouic 6,733 Moutain tribes Jiaye 41
15 Bunun bnn Austronesian Bunun 51,447 Moutain tribes Nantou 56
16 Rukai dru Austronesian Rukai 11,911 Moutain tribes Kaohsiung 29
17 Paiwan pwn Austronesian Paiwanic 88,323 Moutain tribes Taitung 25
18 Puyuma pyu Austronesian Paiwanic 11,850 Moutain tribes Taitung 23
19 Amis ami Austronesian East Formosan 183,799 East Coast Hualien 39
20 Yami tao Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 3,748 Southeast island Tao/LanYu 30
21 Philippines Batan ivb Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 1,350 Philippines Philippines 24
22   Luzon lz Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 47,000,000 Philippines Philippines 61
   Luzon unknown        3
23   Mindanao mind Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 16,000,000 Philippines Philippines 8
24   Visayas vis Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 6,398,628 Philippines Philippines 31
   Philippines unknown        19
25 Indonesia Borneo (Kalimantan) bor Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 11,331,558 Borneo Indonesia 22
  Borneo unknown        3
26 Sulawesi sul Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 14,111,444 Sulawesi Indonesia 17
27 Sumatra (South) sum Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 43,309,707 Sumatra Indonesia 18
  Sumatra unknown        8
28 Java (Central, East or West) jav Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 75,200,000 Java Indonesia 131
  Javanese unknown        10
29 Timor tim Austronesian Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian 3,800,000 Timor Indonesia 4
30 Maluku (Ambon) mal Austronesian Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian 2,549,454 Maluku Indonesia 18
  Nusa Tengarra        1
  Indonesian unknown        14
31 Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia zsm/meo Austronesian Malayo-Polynesian 2,600,000 North Perak Taiping 8
32 Thailand Akha ahk Sino-Tibetan Akha 56,600 Changmai Changmai 27
33 Thailand tha Tai-Kadai (Daic) Tai 20,200,000 Bangkok Bangkok 75
34 Myanmar Union of Myanmar mian Sino-Tibetan Burmic 28,877,000 Northeast Burma Yonggong 2
35 Vietnam Vietnam vie Austro-Asiatic Mon-Khmer 65,800,000 Hanoi Hanoi 24
Total          1660
  1. 1Sample numbers as in Figure 1.
  2. 2Detailed information and ISO639-3 codes can be searched online version of “Ethnologue” by: Lewis, M. Paul [35]: http://www.ethnologue.com/.
  3. *Not clearly defined as plain tribes.
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