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Table 1 mtDNA haplogroup frequencies of Ivatan, Yami and corresponding frequencies in neighboring populations

From: Genetic affinities between the Yami tribe people of Orchid Island and the Philippine Islanders of the Batanes archipelago

Haplogroups China Taiwan Philippines
  Fujian (Han)2
(n = 149)
Taiwanese (Han)1
(n = 247)
Taiwan Aborigines Philippines$
(n = 323)
Ivatan
(n = 50)
    Atayal1
(n = 108)
Saisiat1
(n = 64)
Bunun1
(n = 89)
Tsou1
(n = 60)
Rukai1
(n = 51)
Paiwan1
(n = 55)
Puyuma1
(n = 52)
Amis1
(n = 98)
Yami
(n = 79)
  
B4a1a   0.40 3.70    10.00 5.88    44.90   11.76 10.00
B4a1a4            15.19 0.93 4.00
B4a2a   0.81 0.93 1.56    9.80 16.36 3.85   24.05   2.00
B4c1b2 4.70 2.43     8.33   7.27 17.31   10.13 4.95 14.00
B5b1   2.02           8.67 2.00
E1a1a   0.81 0.93 28.13 16.85 8.33   3.64 5.77    10.84 12.00
E2a             3.41 2.00
E2b1    3.70 3.13 5.62      4.08 6.33   2.00
E2b2             0.31 14.00
F1a1d 0.67 0.40     10.00 5.88 1.82    22.78 0.31  
F1a3      2.25     9.61    3.72 6.00
F1a4 3.35 3.63     5.00     3.06   4.95 18.00
F4b 1.34 0.40 30.56 14.06 28.09 5.00   1.82   3.06   0.62 2.00
M7b3a   0.81 36.11 14.07 3.37   7.84    1.02 10.13 2.79  
M7b4 1.34 2.83            2.00
M7c3a       1.67     8.16    2.00
M7c3c 0.67 1.21      5.88 7.27 28.85 2.04 11.39 11.15 2.00
N9a10   0.40 1.85       1.92 7.14    6.00
Halogroup diversity 0.97 0.97 0.77 0.84 0.77 0.89 0.81 0.82 0.78 0.76 0.83 0.93 0.88
± SD 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.01
Total number of halogroups in the populations (S2) 67 76 17 13 10 11 10 11 8 12 7 43 16
Number of shared halogroups with Yami & Ivatan 3 & 5 5 & 10 3 & 6 3 & 4 2 & 4 2 & 6 4 & 3 4 & 5 3 & 6 3 & 7 7 & 5 5 & 11 5 & 16
Total Frequency shown 12.07 16.15 77.78 60.95 56.18 48.33 35.28 38.18 67.31 73.46 100 64.41 100
Tajima's D -1.92 -1.89 -0.44 0.00 0.06 -0.15 -0.02 -0.63 0.10 -0.60 1.42 -1.50 -0.23
P value <0.05 <0.05 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10 >0.10
  1. Sample numbers, haplogroup diversity, standard deviation [69] and number of haplogroups are obtained from the authors data set (material not shown).
  2. Taiwanese Han includes Minnan and Hakka, these groups are not differentiable using the exact test of population differentiation using Arlequin package [55].
  3. @ No Ivatan are included in this group
  4. 1 Trejaut et al. 2005; 2 Trejaut unpublished data; 3 Tabbada et al. 2010.
  5. Tajima's D was obtained using DnaSp software version 5.10.01[64]; http://www.ub.es/dnasp/