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Table 2 Theoretical and empirical values of the variance and covariance elements of EGRMs

From: On rare variants in principal component analysis of population stratification

  MAF EUR EAS AMR SAS AFR
zk (0.4,0.5] 1.06/0.97 1.11/1.02 1.04/0.97 1.04/0.96 1.15/1.05
(0.3,0.4] 1.06/0.97 1.11/1.02 1.04/0.97 1.04/0.96 1.14/1.05
(0.2,0.3] 1.05/0.96 1.09/1.00 1.03/0.97 1.03/0.96 1.17/1.07
(0.1,0.2] 0.99/0.91 1.01/0.93 0.98/0.93 0.99/0.92 1.32/1.22
(0.01,0.1] 0.61/0.57 0.50/0.47 0.73/0.70 0.56/0.53 2.50/2.37
(0.0001,0.01] 0.71/0.71 0.94/0.94 0.82/0.82 0.98/0.98 1.46/1.46
zkk (0.4,0.5] 0.13/0.11 0.22/0.20 0.08/0.07 0.08/0.07 0.30/0.28
(0.3,0.4] 0.13/0.11 0.22/0.20 0.07/0.06 0.08/0.07 0.29/0.26
(0.2,0.3] 0.12/0.11 0.21/0.19 0.07/0.06 0.08/0.07 0.27/0.24
(0.1,0.2] 0.11/0.10 0.18/0.17 0.07/0.06 0.08/0.07 0.27/0.25
(0.01,0.1] 0.06/0.05 0.08/0.07 0.04/0.03 0.05/0.04 0.25/0.23
(0.0001,0.01] 0.004/0.002 0.005/0.003 0.004/0.002 0.005/0.003 0.011/0.008
  1. The first values are theoretical values of the variance and covariance, and second values are empirical values