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Table 6 D3 evolutionary distances among RNA rings, using frequencies of substitutions as observed in pseudogenes [61]

From: The primordial tRNA acceptor stem code from theoretical minimal RNA ring clusters

D312345678910111213141516171819202122232425
13.219.7315.9114.4015.9014.2115.2215.7913.7216.6013.4811.9715.1215.8014.1111.9512.7515.8716.7912.8611.1912.0814.3215.9515.07
29.733.2115.1117.6815.0914.6315.9816.0013.7317.6012.5611.8915.8716.1415.9011.7513.2817.6615.7914.319.389.3815.1617.6015.26
315.9615.223.2113.474.7313.497.817.3114.1914.8915.1111.996.2614.1114.9815.9217.4515.6711.9819.1411.9914.4914.6115.428.83
414.4117.7013.543.2112.0212.8011.9712.7413.7713.1315.9615.9311.2415.7615.6916.7716.0214.6612.7215.2116.7317.7615.1612.0211.11
515.9415.204.7311.953.2112.767.817.3114.1914.8915.1112.724.7414.8814.2115.8917.4215.6713.5019.1212.7214.4914.6115.4210.35
614.4014.5713.3812.7912.733.2113.5112.7513.6416.3715.0215.1112.7114.6814.9814.2713.4114.8413.3815.2215.9116.0613.5313.5912.52
715.1115.997.8111.897.8113.643.218.6712.7815.6415.8914.296.2814.1914.9716.6917.4716.4112.6817.6114.2916.0115.3614.5912.77
815.8316.037.2312.757.2312.778.583.2115.1414.9016.0013.707.9614.8415.0016.7817.5815.6812.6517.6113.7015.9812.9413.6812.21
913.7213.7414.2913.6314.2913.6812.8715.153.2116.8517.7215.9214.2915.1518.4517.7017.7116.8515.1916.0215.1314.4117.9417.8112.84
1016.6817.6715.0013.1415.0016.4015.7315.0716.873.1313.5515.7815.739.5611.7513.6014.256.1915.6815.0215.9217.7714.2716.5212.54
1113.5212.6515.0316.0215.0315.1215.9315.9317.7413.573.1314.1914.3112.898.786.199.2414.3716.7711.0814.9815.8310.2713.4815.97
1211.8911.9711.9715.7512.6215.1314.2613.6516.0215.7314.113.2114.1517.5613.4014.1112.5915.8117.4814.256.649.7413.5513.7411.24
1315.1715.976.2611.184.7412.756.288.0614.1915.6414.3714.253.2114.1014.9515.1516.6816.4112.7317.5914.2516.0114.6115.4211.88
1415.9316.1114.2315.7915.0914.6914.2214.9815.109.5612.9417.5314.283.1314.2914.5216.7012.6214.0815.7817.5216.7612.0714.2713.38
1514.1915.8314.9915.7814.1315.0114.9614.9718.4511.788.7613.5714.8614.233.1311.8213.3410.2516.6214.2512.6516.8211.9114.3615.91
1611.9911.8715.8216.8015.8014.3616.7116.7017.7213.596.1914.1915.0814.4411.843.136.1812.8616.779.5514.2015.0411.8115.0316.75
1712.7813.3917.3516.0417.3313.5917.4817.4817.7514.319.2412.6616.6116.7013.366.183.1313.5916.006.5012.6814.2914.8613.5217.51
1815.9317.6915.7714.6715.7714.8716.4915.8416.876.1914.3315.8216.4912.6210.2312.8513.503.1314.9215.0215.1717.8015.0517.3014.07
1916.7715.7511.9812.8113.5013.4912.6112.6815.1015.6516.9317.4412.7214.1616.6416.9316.0714.903.1316.0715.7316.4917.6316.9112.73
2012.7814.2419.0815.2619.0715.2417.5517.5516.0515.2111.0814.3317.5415.8514.309.556.5015.2116.003.1314.3415.0215.0013.5218.40
2111.099.3811.9716.6212.6216.0014.2613.6515.2215.7814.986.6414.1517.4912.5614.1712.6515.0515.7714.313.218.8315.2715.4512.11
2211.919.3814.4717.8314.4716.0716.0015.9014.3517.7615.909.7516.0016.7016.8715.0914.3517.8416.5615.108.823.2116.8215.4115.27
2314.3515.2414.6115.0814.6113.5415.2713.0117.9414.0810.2313.6314.6111.9711.8111.7914.8414.8917.4914.8915.3516.823.217.8113.66
2415.8917.6715.4112.0115.4113.6914.5113.6717.8916.3913.3413.8015.4114.2514.1614.9213.5117.2016.8813.5115.5215.417.813.2116.08
2515.1815.298.8910.9510.4112.6012.7512.2712.9012.5115.9511.2411.9413.4315.7916.7617.4314.0412.6418.2012.0315.2813.7416.013.21