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Table 4 Raw mean (and S.D.) skin and hair M index values and frequency of rs2228479 derived allele in islands and neighborhoods sampled here

From: MC1R diversity in Northern Island Melanesia has not been constrained by strong purifying selection and cannot explain pigmentation phenotype variation in the region

Island/Neighborhood N Mean skin M (SD) Mean hair M rs2228479 A allele frequency
Bougainville 78 89.8 (9.7) 147.6 (14.8) 0.10
Kukuavo 32 91.9 (8.5) 138.6 (8.9) 0.12
Saposa Island 16 82.6 (8.3) 150.1 (7.7) 0.16
New Britain 286    0.15
Arimegi Island 44 65.2 (5.3) 157.5 (11.1) 0.33
Kariai (Anem) 16 71.3 (4.3) 149.0 (8.8) 0.09
Pureling (Anem) 12 67.0 (6.9) 146.5 (12.2) 0.08
Kisiluvi (Mamousi) 29 68.8 (6.0) 155.0 (17.0) 0.05
Lingite (Mamousi) 13 69.3 (7.7) 164.4 (17.4) 0.04
“other” Mamousi 20 67.5 (4.6) 159.0 (15.7) 0.07
Loso (Nakanai) 10 70.9 (6.8) 164.3 (28.4) 0.05
Uasilau (Ata) 38 67.4 (5.3) 150.6 (15.1) 0.09
Lugei (Ata) 11 67.0 (5.6) 173.9 (21.1) 0.04
Bileki (Nakanai) 18 66.7 (6.3) 143.3 (15.4) 0.19
Ubili (Nakanai) 27 67.6 (6.5) 166.1 (20.1) 0.19
New Ireland 147 73.9 (8.4) 151.5 (22.4) 0.17
Tigak 25 72.9 (8.6) 156.0 (16.5) 0.32
Nailik 19 72.8 (6.7) 151.1 (25.1) 0.21
Kabil (Kuot) 32 76.1 (8.3) 151.1 (17.0) 0.13
Notsi 16 74.1 (9.9) 161.1 (21.2) 0.09
Madak 23 77.0 (8.3) 145.6 (28.3) 0.07
New Hanover 84 76.7 (7.4) 154.5 (16.2) 0.26
North Lavongai 62 76.7 (6.9) 155.2 (16.3) 0.30
South Lavongai 13 77.3 (9.9) 150.3 (14.2) 0.15
  1. Populations in boldface type speak non-Austronesian languages
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