Architecture of the canine MLPH gene. (A) The 48 polymorphisms that were identified in Doberman Pinschers and/or German Pinschers are indicated. PCR products spanning each of the MLPH exons with adjacent flanking sequences were sequenced. The eight SNPs around exon 2 show strong association with the dilute allele in Doberman Pinschers, however they are monomorphic in German Pinschers. The R199H mutation shows strong association with the dilute allele in German Pinschers and in some Doberman Pinschers of European origin. (B) Genomic organization of the canine MLPH gene. Exons are denoted as boxes. Solid boxes represent coding sequence while open boxes contain the untranslated regions. The genomic section corresponds to a 50 kb interval in the analyzed sequence of 212.696 bp (positions 156.001 – 206.000). (C) Illustration of the unusually high GC-content of the canine MLPH gene. The GC-content was calculated using a 300 bp window. CpG island criteria were: GC > 0.5, CpGobs/CpGexp > 0.6, and length > 200 bp.