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Table 2 Descriptive summary of phenotypic characteristics of athletes with respect to gender and athlete genotypes

From: AMPD1rs17602729 is associated with physical performance of sprint and power in elite Lithuanian athletes

Phenotype Gender AMPD1CC genotype AMPD1CT genotype p-value between genotype
n Mean SD p-value n Mean SD p-value
Height (cm) Total 154 178.3 9.5   50 176.2 9.3   
Male 123 179.9 9.3 0.000 37 177.3 9.7 0.164 0.146
Female 31 172.2 7.3   13 173.1 7.7   0.736
Weight (kg) Total 154 73.2 13.4   50 69.4 13.6   
Male 123 75.4 13.5 0.000 37 71.4 14.3 0.082 0.127
Female 31 64.5 8.6   13 63.8 9.8   0.810
BMI (kg/m2) Total 154 22.74 2.84   50 22.04 3.15   
Male 123 23.06 3.00 0.000 37 22.36 3.45 0.115 0.231
Female 31 21.47 1.56   13 21.12 1.87   0.526
RGS (kg) Total 154 46.9 9.6   50 44.9 12.1   
Male 123 49.5 8.4 0.000 37 48.0 11.4 0.002 0.469
Female 31 36.6 6.8   13 36.2 9.7   0.891
LGS (kg) Total 154 46.0 9.8   50 42.7 11.5   
Male 123 48.4 8.7 0.000 37 45.3 11.1 0.005 0.079
Female 31 36.3 8.0   13 35.2 9.6   0.687
Fat mass (kg) Total 154 7.98 2.41   50 8.15 2.70   
Male 123 7.65 2.02 0.010 37 7.28 2.01 0.000 0.330
Female 31 9.32 3.26   13 10.62 2.97   0.224
Muscle mass (kg) Total 154 39.1 8.9   50 36.6 8.8   
Male 123 40.6 8.5 0.000 37 37.7 9.5 0.055 0.072
Female 31 33.0 7.6   13 33.4 5.3   0.870
STEMP (W) Total 154 1943.0 486.2   50 1771.8 447.0   
Male 123 2010.4 489.9 0.001 37 1790.2 489.4 0.628 0.018
Female 31 1675.6 370.1   13 1719.3 305.4   0.710
AAMP (W) Total 154 1204.1 219.3   50 1164.1 218.3   
Male 123 1253.7 205.5 0.000 37 1216.1 225.9 0.000 0.342
Female 31 1007.5 153.3   13 1016.0 97.1   0.854
VO2max (ml/kg/min) Total 154 61.6 6.0   50 59.8 6.2   
Male 123 62.2 5.9 0.019 37 60.3 6.1 0.321 0.085
Female 31 59.4 6.2   13 58.3 6.4   0.603
  1. BMI = body mass index. RGS and LGS = right and left hand grip strength. STEMP = short-term explosive muscle power. AARG = anaerobic alactic muscular power. VO2max = maximum oxygen uptake.
  2. Significant mean differences (p < 0.05) between gender groups are in bold.