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Table 2 Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) in the temporal samples of Atlantic salmon populations from northwest Russia

From: Temporal variation of genetic composition in Atlantic salmon populations from the Western White Sea Basin: influence of anthropogenic factors?

Sample Number of populations Number of groups Percentage of variance P
Within population Among temporal samples Among spatial samples
Whole data (Kola + Karelian White Sea + Karelian freshwater) 53 26 86.23 1.17 12.60 ***
White Sea basin (Kola + Karelian White sea + Karelian White Sea freshwater) 36 18 91.83 0.99 7.18 ***
White sea (Kola + White Sea Karelia) 32 16 96.79 0.80 2.41 ***
Anadromous:
Kola peninsula 26 13 98.88 0.27 0.85 ***
Kachkovka (01 + 08) 2 1 100.00 0.00   ns
Ponoi (95 + 08) 2 1 100.00 0.00   ns
Danilovka (01 + 08) 2 1 99.55 0.45   *
Sosnovka (01 + 08) 2 1 99.48 0.52   ns
Babya (01 + 08) 2 1 99.76 0.24   ns
Lihodeevka (01 + 08) 2 1 99.76 0.24   ns
Pulonga (Kola) (01 + 08) 2 1 99.77 0.23   ns
Pyalitsa (01 + 08) 2 1 99.96 0.04   ns
Chapoma (01 + 08) 2 1 99.49 0.51   *
Strelna (01 + 08) 2 1 99.64 0.36   *
Chavanga (01 + 08) 2 1 99.14 0.86   **
Indera (01 + 08) 2 1 99.91 0.09   ns
Varzuga (99 + 08) 2 1 99.78 0.22   ns
Karelian White Sea 6 3 90.45 3.31 6.25 ***
Nilma (99 + 05) 2 1 94.86 5.14   ***
Pulonga (White sea) (99 + 05) 2 1 97.32 2.68   ***
Pongoma (99 + 05) 2 1 96.88 3.12   ***
Freshwater:
White Sea 4 2 74.33 3.27 22.40 ***
Pisto (99 + 05) 2 1 93.61 6.39   ***
Kamennaya (99 + 05) 2 1 99.61 0.39   ns
Lake Onega (Baltic) 12 5 82.42 2.12 15.46 ***
Kumsa (00 + 04) 2 1 95.12 4.88   ***
Pyalma (01 + 04) 2 1 98.81 1.19   ***
Lizhma (99 + 02 + 04) 3 1 98.44 1.56   **
Shuya (99 + 04) 2 1 98.06 1.94   ***
Tuba (01 + 04) 2 1 96.02 3.99   ***
Lake Ladoga (Baltic) 6 3 91.76 2.16 6.08 ***
Hiitola (99 + 06) 2 1 99.46 0.55   ns
Tulema (99 + 06) 2 1 98.46 1.54   ***
Sysky (99 + 06) 2 1 96.11 3.89   ***
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001; ns–non significant.