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Table 4 Parameter estimates of elbow score

From: Comparative analyses of genetic trends and prospects for selection against hip and elbow dysplasia in 15 UK dog breeds

  σ2P σ2A h2 s.e. rA s.e. rE s.e.
BMD 0.760 0.201 0.26 0.054 0.005 0.134 0.122 0.051
GR 0.278 0.084 0.30 0.054 0.137 0.098 0.095 0.050
GSD 0.265 0.048 0.18 0.062 0.203 0.140 −0.054 0.055
LAB 0.196 0.037 0.19 0.028 0.344 0.064 −0.003 0.024
ROTT 0.533 0.073 0.14 0.106 0.550 0.299 −0.091 0.091
  1. Estimates of phenotypic and genetic variance (σ2Pand σ2A respectively) and heritability (h2) of elbow score and genetic and residual correlations (rA and rE respectively, with standard errors) with hip score for 5 breeds. Breed abbreviations: Bernese Mountain Dog [BMD], Golden Retriever [GR], German Shepherd Dog [GSD], Labrador Retriever [LAB], Rottweiler [ROTT].