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Table 3 Phenotypic traits characterizing fatty acid composition in skeletal muscle

From: Association of an ACSL1 gene variant with polyunsaturated fatty acids in bovine skeletal muscle

Trivial name Abbreviation Mean of absolute
content (mg/100 g)
SD Mean of relative
content (%)
SD
Lauric acid C12:0 2.83* 1.80 0.10 0.04
Myristoleic acid C14:1cis-9 18.53 17.85 0.62 0.31
Myristic acid C14:0 92.12* 65.50 3.10* 0.66
Palmitoleic acid C16:1cis-9 109.33* 76.59 3.73 0.83
Palmitic acid C16:0 823.94* 490.88 28.77 1.86
Heptadecenoic acid C17:1cis-10 23.48* 12.51 0.85 0.18
Margaric acid C17:0 34.94* 18.13 1.26* 0.25
Stearic acid C18:0 373.40* 199.95 4.96* 1.80
Oleic acid C18:1cis-9 981.37* 578.52 34.35 2.60
Vaccenic acid C18:1cis-11 43.60* 30.60 13.41 1.65
trans Vaccenic acid C18:1trans-11 28.40* 20.18 1.52* 0.33
Linoleic acid (LA) C18:2n-6 121.45* 29.94 0.99* 0.43
Linolelaidic acid C18:2trans-9, trans-12 4.11* 3.39 0.11 0.13
Conjugated linoleic acid CLAcis-9, trans-11 5.99* 4.73 0.20 0.09
α-Linolenic acid (ALA) C18:3n-3 12.99 4.97 0.50* 0.14
Stearidonic acid (SDA) C18:4n-3 2.70 3.36 0.15 0.10
Arachidic acid C20:0 2.94 1.90 0.11 0.06
Eisosenoic acid C20:1n-9 4.21* 2.80 0.35 0.15
Eisosatrienoic acid (ETE) C20:3n-3 8.15* 1.86 0.11* 0.05
Arachidonic acid (AA) C20:4n-6 33.89 7.60 1.48* 0.74
Timnodonic acid, EPA C20:5n-3 2.41* 0.70 0.14* 0.03
Erucic acid C22:1n-9 0.46* 0.24 0.02* 0.01
Adrenic acid C22:4n-6 6.20 1.53 0.28 0.13
Clupadonic acid, DPA C22:5n-3 6.51* 1.34 0.26* 0.11
Cervonic acid, DHA C22:6n-3 0.92 0.45 0.04 0.03
Lignoceric acid C24:0 0.82 0.44 0.03* 0.02
∑ Saturated fatty acids SFA 1352.06* 777.93 47.55 2.38
∑ Unsaturated fatty acids UFA 1463.62* 777.61 52.45 2.38
∑ Polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFA 208.34* 44.62 8.57* 3.02
∑ Monounsaturated fatty acids MUFA 1208.85* 726.67 42.19* 3.16
∑ trans fatty acids TFA 43.92* 24.70 1.58 0.47
∑ n-3 fatty acids n-3FA 24.75 6.42 1.01* 0.35
∑ n-3 long-chain PUFA n-3 LCPUFA 9.58 2.21 0.42* 0.20
∑ n-6 fatty acids n-6FA 167.28* 34.88 6.94 2.64
∑ n-6 long-chain PUFA n-6 LCPUFA 40.09 8.62 1.78 0.85
∑ Total fatty acids FA 2743.81* 1524.08   
Ratio n-6/n-3 n-6/n-3 6.96 1.42   
Ratio MUFA/SFA MUFA/SFA 0.89 0.09   
Ratio PUFA/SFA PUFA/SFA 0.18* 0.07   
Ratio P/S P/S 0.12* 0.05   
Ratio C18:2n-6/C18:3n-3 LA/ALA 9.86* 2.51   
Δ9-desaturase index MUFA Δ9MUFA 46.39 2.56   
Δ9-desaturase index C14 Δ9C14 16.31 6.65   
Δ9-desaturase index C16 Δ9C16 11.40 2.08   
Δ9-desaturase index C18 Δ9C18 72.16 3.34   
Intramuscular fat content IMF    2.56 1.13
  1. SD: standard deviation
  2. *Data displaying distributions significantly different from normality (p < 0.01) were log-transformed.
  3. SFA = C12:0 + C14:0 + C16:0 + C17:0 + C18:0 + C20:0 + C24:0
  4. MUFA = C14:1 + C16:1 + C17:1 + C18:1 + C20:1 + C22:1 + C18:1cis-9 + C18:1cis-11 + C18:1trans-11
  5. UFA = MUFA + PUFA
  6. Total FA = sum of all fatty acids determined
  7. n-3FA = C18:3n-3 + C18:4n-3 + C20:3n-3 + C20:5n-3 + C22:5n-3 + C22:6n-3
  8. n-6FA = C18:2n-6 + C18:3n-6 + C20:2n-6 + C20:3n-6 + C20:4n-6 + C22:2n-6 + C22:4n-6
  9. PUFA = n-3FA + n-6FA
  10. n-3 LC-PUFA = C20:3n-3 + C22:6n-3 + C22:5n-3 + C20:5n-3
  11. TFA = C18:1trans-11 + C18:2trans-9, trans-12
  12. LA/ALA = C18:2n-6/C18:3n-3
  13. P/S = C18:2 n-6 + C18:3 n-3/C14:0 + C16:0 + C18:0
  14. Δ9MUFA = [(C14:1 + C16:1 + C17:1 + C18:1cis-9 + CLAcis-9, trans-11)/(C14:1 + C16:1 + C17:1 + C18:1cis-9 +
  15. C18:1trans-11 + C14:0 + C16:0 + C17:0 + C18:0 + CLAcis-9, trans-11)] × 100
  16. Δ9C14 = [C14:1/(C14:0 + C14:1)] × 100
  17. Δ9C16 = [C16:1/(C16:0 + C16:1)] × 100
  18. Δ9C18 = [(C18:1cis-9 + CLAcis-9, trans-11/(C18:0 + C18:1cis-9 + C18:1trans-11 + CLAcis-9, trans-11)] × 100