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Table 3 Estimated allele substitution effects (standard error in parenthesis) of six SNPs in the bovine GNAS domain on growth performance and size

From: DNA sequence polymorphisms within the bovine guanine nucleotide-binding protein Gs subunit alpha (Gsα)-encoding (GNAS) genomic imprinting domain are associated with performance traits

SNP Allele substitution Culled cow carcass weight (kg) Progeny carcass conformation1 (×100) Progeny carcass fat2 (×100) Stature3
(×10)
Body depth3 (×10) Angularity3 (×10)
rs43101491 G→T 1.17
(1.06)
0.07
(3.40)
-4.07
(2.96)
-0.93
(1.52)
-0.47
(1.42)
-1.90
(1.59)
rs43101493 A→G -0.13
(0.76)
-2.03
(2.45)
2.91
(2.12)
0.10
(1.07)
0.31
1.01
0.51
(1.13)
rs43101486 A→G -0.23
(0.83)
0.20
(2.69)
-1.64
(2.34)
-1.08
(1.20)
-0.28
(1.13)
-0.90
(1.27)
rs43101485 C→G 0.10
(0.75)
1.87
(2.42)
-2.70
(2.11)
0.01
(1.07)
-1.83
(1.00)
-0.29
(1.13)
rs41694646 C→G -1.66**
(0.65)
5.49**
(2.11)
5.44**
(1.82)
-2.97***
(0.92)
-2.88***
(0.87)
-1.87
(0.97)
rs41694656 A→G 0.40
(0.88)
-1.65
(2.84)
0.34
(2.45)
-4.93
(1.30)
-1.09
(1.22)
-1.15
(1.39)
  1. Significance of difference from zero = P ≤ 0.10; * = P ≤ 0.05; ** = P ≤ 0.01; *** = P ≤ 0.001.
  2. 1 Scale: 1 (poor)-15 (good)
  3. 2 Scale 1 (low)-15 (high)
  4. 3 Expressed in genetic standard deviation units.
  5. Underlined values represent genotype-phenotype associations that have remained statistically significant (q ≤ 0.05) after adjustment for multiple testing.